Good vocational training is an important part of a strongeconomy. Learning for Jobs, the initial report ofthe OECD policy review of vocational education and training,presents a set of policy recommendations to help countries maketheir vocational systems more responsive to labour market needs andboost economic growth.
“To sustainably emerge from the crisis, we need a new growthmodel that will deliver more and better jobs. But for the economyto adapt to these new sources of growth, the labour force needs tohave the right skills,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.”If we can give young people high quality training, then we have amuch better chance to succeed.”
Among the report’s recommendations:
- To meet labour market needs: Offer a mix of vocationalprogrammes reflecting student preferences and employers’ needs. Inaddition to training on specific skills to meet employers’immediate needs, provide transferable skills to supportoccupational mobility. Beyond secondary level, share costs amonggovernment, employers and students based on benefitsobtained.
- To sustain the workforce of teachers and trainers: Invocational institutions, promote partnerships with industry,encourage part-time work, and promote flexible pathways ofrecruitment. In the workplace, provide appropriate pedagogicalpreparation to those responsible for trainees and apprentices.Nationally, adopt a standardised assessment framework.
- To promote workplace training: Offer sufficient incentives forboth employers and students to participate in workplace training.Ensure that training is of good quality, with effective qualityassurance and contractual frameworks for apprentices.
- To respond to the economic crisis: Sustain workplace trainingand meet the increased demand for full-time vocational educationand training.
- To develop tools for policy: Engage employers and unions invocational policy and provision. Collect and analyse data on thelabour market outcomes. Provide career guidance accessible to all,informed by knowledge of labour market outcomes.
For the Learningfor Jobs project, OECD is reviewing vocational educationand training policy in Australia, Austria, Belgium (Flanders), theCzech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Korea, Mexico, Norway,Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom (England and Wales), andthe United States (South Carolina and Texas). Special studies ofChile and the People’s Republic of China are also being prepared.The initial report is now available on the OECD website. The finalreport will be published by the OECD in late 2010.
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