De bekende business-school INSEAD publiceert voor de vijfdemaal haar analyse van het innovatiesucces van naties. “Thefive Nordic countries Sweden (2nd), Finland (5th), Denmark (6th),Iceland (11th), and Norway (18th) have very strong performancesglobally as well as regionally. Within the European Union (EU) theNetherlands and the UK are in the top 10.”
Klein maar fijn
“The Netherlands comes in 3rd on the Output Sub-Index, aperformance driven by marks within the top 10 in internationalPatent Cooperation Treaty applications by residents, scientific andtechnical journal articles, total computer software spending,royalty and license fees’ receipts, daily newspapers’ circulation,and creative services exports. This excellent result allows it tobe ranked 9th in the overall GII, despite its 16th place on theInput side.”
INSEAD noteert dat de wereldranglijst gedomineerd wordt doorkleinere, noordelijke Europese landen. En ook vanuit Azië zijn hetkleine hotspots als Singapore en Hong Kong die er uit schieten. Eenopmerkelijk punt is bovendien dat ons land bij de doelmatigheid vaninnovatie hoog scoort, nest als enkele veel grote landen: “Like theNetherlands, Germany, and the US, the Republic of Korea is amongthe most efficient innovators among high-income countries.”
De belangrijkste punten uit de
The top 10 countries in the GII 2001 edition are dominated byEurope, with six countries, and includes two Asian economies andtwo North American countries: Switzerland, Sweden, Singapore, HongKong, Finland, Denmark, the United States of America (US), Canada,the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom (UK). Leaders in theirrespective regions are Switzerland (1st), Singapore (3rd), the US(7th), Israel (14th), Chile (38th), Mauritius (53rd), and India(62nd).
Switzerland comes in at top place in the overall GII 2011rankings (up from position 4th last year) on the basis of itsstrong position in both the Input and Output Sub- Indices (3rd and2nd, respectively). Although the country does not top anyindividual pillar, it places within the top 5 in three Inputpillars (Institutions, Market and Business sophistication) and bothOutput pillars (Scientific outputs and Creative outputs).
The runner-up, Sweden, is the only country in the top 10 on allfour indices. A knowledge-based economy, this outstandingperformance is driven by 1st place on Scientific outputs. Singaporeranked 3rd on the GII, shows its strongest performance in the InputSub-Index, coming in at 1st place on the basis of top 10 positionson all 5 pillars. However, Singapore’s Innovation Efficiency Indexranking is low (37th among high-income countries, 94th in thegeneral rankings); this shows up in its relative weak performancein the Output Sub-Index, where it is ranked 17th overall.
By income group, from high- to low-income countries, the leadersare Switzerland (1st), Malaysia (31st), China (29th), and Ghana(70th). China, at position 29, is the only developing country to beamong the top 30; Malaysia, Chile, Moldova, and Lithuania make itto the top 40.
The five Nordic countries Sweden (2nd), Finland (5th), Denmark(6th), Iceland (11th), and Norway (18th) have very strongperformances globally as well as regionally. Within the EuropeanUnion (EU), among the 15 original EU countries (EU15), theNetherlands and the UK are in the top 10, followed by Germany(12th), Ireland (13th), Luxembourg (17th), Austria (19th), andFrance (22nd).
The rest of the EU15 countries-Belgium (24th) and the fourMediterranean countries, Spain (32nd), Portugal (33rd), Italy(35th), and Greece (63rd)-have lost key positions to some of the 12countries that recently acceded to the EU
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