Niet alleen Dirk van Damme van OECD-CERI laat regelmatig zien-ook direct naar Nederland en zijnkennissector- hoe groot en gunstig de impact is van investeren ingoed HO en de deelname daarin. De senior analyst J.D Larock van de Innovation and Measuring Progress Division van de OECD komtmet de nieuwste cijfers over de relaties tussen economie,werkgelegenheid en HO-impact.
Hij schrijft: “With all the economic turmoil of the past severalyears, have you ever wished you could buy an insurance policy toprotect against the effects of a global recession? Well, sucha insurance policy already exists – and it’s called highereducation.”
Laag opgeleiden sneller werkloos
Gedurende de voorbije twee jaar van de economische crisis na dekredietcrisis zijn de gegevens voor hem overtuigend genoeg om dieboude stelling te formuleren en van feitelijke adstructies tevoorzien. “In country after country, people with a tertiary(higher) education were much less likely to be unemployed, muchmore likely to be participating in the labour force, and morelikely to have higher earnings, compared to their less-educatedcounterparts.”
“As the crisis ramped up in 2008 and continued in 2009,unemployment rates increased across the board in OECD countries.However, the impact was much greater for adults without an uppersecondary education. Among this group, unemployment rates rose froman already high 8.7% to 11.5%, and jumped five percentage points ormore in Estonia, Ireland, Spain and the United States.
Adults with an upper secondary or equivalent level of educationfared somewhat better: among this group, unemployment rates rosefrom 4.9% to 6.8% between 2008 and 2009 across the OECD zone. However, in Estonia, Ireland, Spain and Turkey, jobless ratesreached 10% or more for this group of people – a mark generallyregarded as troublingly high territory for unemployment.”
HO-alumni slechts 1,1% meer zonder baan
“By contrast, people with a tertiary education were the bestprotected against unemployment during the thick of the globalrecession. Overall, unemployment rates in OECD countries ticked upjust 1.1 percentage points for this group between 2008 and 2009,from 3.3% to 4.4%. Moreover, 2009 unemployment rates remainedat 5% or less for tertiary-educated people in 24 out of 34 OECDcountries, and surpassed 8% in only two – Spain and Turkey.”
“Employment figures tell a similar story: during the crisis yearof 2009, people with higher education not only had less troublefinding a job, but also had an easier time keeping the job theyhad. Across all OECD countries, 83.6% of adults with atertiary education were employed in 2009, compared to 74.2% ofadults with an upper secondary or equivalent education, and just56.0% of adults without an upper secondary education.”
“While a number of factors contribute to the level of adults’participation in the labour force, higher employment rates forpeople with more education point to a better match between theskills these individuals possess and the skills the labour marketdemands, even during periods of economic crisis.
Inkomensvoordeel blijft onverminderd
“What’s more, the sizeable earnings premium thatuniversity-educated people typically enjoy in the labour marketheld strong during the crisis years of 2008 and 2009. In2008, among 14 OECD countries with comparable data, the typicalemployee with higher education earned 56% more than the typicalemployee with an upper secondary or equivalent education.
Even in the face of the economic crisis, this premium increasedslightly to 57% in 2009. By contrast, the typical employee withoutan upper secondary education earned 23% less than a correspondingworker with an upper secondary education in 2008 – and thisearnings penalty remained the same in 2009.
Having a higher education isn’t fail-safe protection from theconsequences of a global economic downturn. But like any goodinsurance policy, it can help people recover when bad things happento them. And with the economic outlook for 2012 looking asuncertain as it does, that’s no small comfort.”
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