“U bent niet de motor van de groei, maar wel de sleutel die demotor laat aanspringen,” daagt de nieuwe CDA-lijsttrekker dekennissector en het hoger onderwijs uit.
Op een recente werkconferentie van Britse en Nederlandseuniversiteiten sprak Buma, toen nog fractieleider. Hijbegon met de grote belofte van zijn eigen academische loopbaan. Diehad immers Groningen gecombineerd met niets minder dan Cambridge.”That was a an excellent start for a great career, but somewherealong the line it went wrong, because I ended up in politics. Nowmy life is made up with making the best of that.”
Britse toets en Hollandse zorgen
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In zijn betoog werkte hij eerst de gedachte en noodzaak vangroei en groeiherstel uit.
“Today’s blunt facts show that the Netherlands has a bleakeconomic outlook for 2012 with a set back of 3/4 %. The deficit for2013 is predicted at 4,5 %, where the European target to meet is-3%. Somewhere along April Holland has to present the EuropeanCommission with a thorough plan as to how to meet that goal. Notif, but how.
These facts bring me to the prime minister’s residence in TheHague, where the coalition is negotiating since last week. We meeton a daily basis, the two coalition partners Liberals and ChristianDemocrats, and the supporting right wing Freedom Party. We areassigned with a formidable task, of tightening next year’s budgetwith maximum 1,5%, which is a cut unseen in recent history.
Under the dark clouds of economic decline, in a politicallyunstable atmosphere. The center parties such as Christian-democratsand Labour are in decline, and the political outposts left andright on the rise. Who claims that Britain’s present day politicalsituation is difficult, hasn’t experienced the Dutch. So when Iread “higher education at the heart of growth”, I first ask: whatgrowth? It would seem more accurate to talk of “higher education atthe heart of decline” or at least, “higher education in times ofdecline.”
De zware klappen van de dubbele recessie
Met enkele harde cijfers schetste de fractieleider wat de crisisin 2008 en die van de schulden-en-euro van het voorbije jaar deNederlandse economie aan groei en concrete welvaart heft gekost. Ennog aan het kosten is.
“The banking crisis of 2008 has cost us in the long run about 5%of our average growth. It now seems that last year’s sovereign debtcrisis may cost us another 3%. In 2008 the Dutch governmentsupported banks with billions, it bought ABN-Amro, and the thengovernment agreed on a short term economic stimulus package of €6billion, together with a long term saving package of €5billion.
Sadly enough looking back the stimulus hasn’t worked and thesavings never fully have been filled in. It left us with risingunemployment and a debt that rose from under 50 to over 65 % ofgdp. we do not yet know the effect of the present crisis, but it isevident that the national debt speedy rises again. It is no longeran option spending ourselves out of the crisis.
Financial crises are fiercer than cyclic economic crisis. Theloss of wealth is bigger, up to 8% already, and other than cycliccrises, the gap with the previous growth path is not refilled byextra economic growth after the crisis. Quite the contrary, a longtime period of relatively low growth is likely, as the examples ofJapan and Sweden show.
So, we are 8% poorer, have a bleak economic outlook, have to cutexpenditure as never before, in a political unstable environment.You can imagine, preparing for the conference, I seriouslyconsidered buying a one way ticket out of the country, a stopoverin Manchester and then on to Aruba! By the way, an Island with agrowth of over 10% this year.”
De impact op en van hoger onderwijs
Hoe kan het hoger onderwijs in zo’n penibele situatie het hoofdboven water houden en zelfs krachtig bijdragen aan groei enherstel? Buma gaf aan, dat daarin niet alleen maarvanzelfsprekendheden gelden.
“Here we have had days of lively debate on how to promote highereducation as an engine for growth. And it seems that we end up withan agreement on the fact that universities produce growth. I attendmany conferences. They can be on all issues. It could beabout multinationals at the heart of growth, or small businesses atthe heart of growth, consumer confidence at the heart of growth, oreven development aid at the heart of growth.
In present day society universities compete with many playersthat claim a position on being on the heart of growth. So whatmakes universities differ from other institutions when it comes togrowth? It is a fact that investment in education is a long terminvestment. First education, than research, then comes the result,than the investment and at last the benefit. So universities arethe engine. Or even better, they are the key to the carengine.”
Hoger onderwijs als autosleutel
“Not only in economic terms, also in social terms universitiesare the key to the engine. In the sixties they were the key todemocratization , in the eighties they were the key to economicliberalisation and now they are the key to globalization. In thisrespect universities often feel lost, certainly in the Netherlandsin an atmosphere hesitant towards globalization in general,and immigration in particular. It seems that universities tryto turn the key, but the engine won’t start running. There is’kortsluiting’.
It is my opinion that in the heart of this lies a growing gap insociety between people who experience the benefits of globalizationand the information revolution and those who experience theproblems. The former are the young, the better educated. The latterare the elderly, the lower educated . The ones who take theirchances against those who see threats.
This is not primarily an economic division, but one based onidentity, or its loss. People who are afraid of globalization turnagainst its visible exponents: immigrants, international bankers,employers with bonuses. Until the sixties in this country there wasa long and accepted division along the lines of class and here inthe Netherlands also along the line of religion and’levensovertuiging’. That division has vanished.
But then came this new division, perhaps even more difficult tosurpass than earlier divisions. And universities are situatedsolely on one side of that divide. A large part of society is onthe other side. Politically they are emancipating, finding theirway to new political parties. Here in Holland the Socialist Partyand Freedom Party.
Together we can indulge ourselves here in self-confidence aboutour international approach and open mindedness. But outside theworld looks completely different. Universities are aliens for manythere, far away from everyday life. In Groningen the Campus wasnamed after its original function, Paddepoel, frogs pool, a swampwhere nobody came. Universities have their eyes focused on theoutside world, but they will have to work harder to stay with theirfeet on the ground.”
Combineer wereldwijde blik met hechtebinding
Voor velen in de samenleving blijven het HO en de kennissectoreen ver van mijn bed show. Dat besef wilde Buma nog eens adresserenin het gezelschap van Britse en Nederlandse academische experts.Ook die ‘Bildungsferne’ burgers moeten de politiek én desector zelf zien te winnen voor een publieke enfinanciële prioriteit aan investeringen in kennis.
“We can find the key to a new society, if we are able to combinethe world scale of globalization with the human scale of society.For universities it is an asset to have 25% of staff fromabroad, to many ordinary people it is another sign of their societybeing taken over by ‘the others’ This morning Rod Coombs put thispicture very clear when he asked ‘the people’s question’: ‘Whateverdid the universities do for us?’
A dangerous question maybe, but for many a daily feeling. AndPauline van der Meer Mohr yesterday was very right, when she saidRotterdam, Delft and Leiden would not merge but closely worktogether. For universities it may sound futile, but for the peopleit is not. The future is not for universities thatinternationalize. The future is for universities that combine theglobal scale with its local community and connections.
A serious task lies ahead for all of us. Arriving in thisbuilding we are warmly welcomed with the sign of the museumof science and industry. It is my nightmare that in two decadesforeigners are welcomed at the airports of London, Amsterdam andManchester with signs saying: ‘Welcome to Europe, the world’sleading Museum of Science and Industry’. It is my dream thatvisitors will be welcomed by signs saying: ‘Welcome to Europe, thekey to the world’s engine’.”