Among countries for which 2015 data are available, two thirds have decreased their R&D budgets in real terms and the estimated area total has dropped by 1.3%. In a number of cases, this decline may have been mitigated through growing support through R&D tax incentives, which have been increasing in relative importance over time. On the basis of leading budget data, it is expected that R&D performed in government and higher education institutions in the OECD also declined in 2015.
China reaches milestone
The most recent data on Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D (GERD) for the OECD suggest that annual GERD grew in 2014 by 2.1% in real terms, a slower pace compared to the previous year (+2.8%). This recent growth in the OECD has been mainly driven by a steady increase in R&D performed by business (+2.8%). R&D expenditures recovered in government institutions (+1.0%) after previous fall but slightly decreased in higher education (-0.2%). As a percentage of GDP, GERD remained unchanged at 2.4%.
In China, 2014 saw R&D expenditures reaching the milestones 2% of GDP (the target set in the 2006-2010 plan for 2010). While China’s GERD continued to grow very rapidly (+9% in real terms) in 2014, this represented China’s lowest GERD growth since 1996. Korea has the world’s largest R&D intensity (4.3% in 2014) ahead of Israel (4.1%) for the second year in a row.
Zowel links als rechts verantwoordelijk voor academische zelfcensuur
Hogescholen blijven achter bij aanvragen uit het groeifonds
Vier hogescholen brengen het hoger onderwijs naar Dordrecht
Zonder leven lang ontwikkelen blijven innovaties op de plank liggen
Selecteren voor excellentieprogramma’s kan ook later in de opleiding