Brief Balkenende en Blair

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20 oktober 2006 | Elk debat over energiezekerheid moet ook gaan over klimaatverandering en de verbanden met de economie. Volgens premier Balkenende en zijn collega Tony Blair gaat het om een 'historische politieke keuze'. Dit schrijven zij hun finse collega ten behoeve van het debat op de Eurotop in Lahti. U leest de volledige brief hier.



Dear Matti

We welcome the opportunity Lahti offers to discuss the EU’s energy

policy. It is right that the emphasis at this meeting, is on our external energy

policy. But any debate about energy security must also be about climate

change and its links to our economy, since these elements are interdependent.

The science of climate change has never been clearer. Without

further action, scientists now estimate we may be heading for temperature

rises of at least 3-4C above pre-industrial levels. We have a window of only

10-15 years to take the steps we need to avoid crossing catastrophic tipping

points. These would have serious consequences for our economie growth

prospects, the safety of our people and the supply of resources, most notably

energy. So we must act quickly.

We are faced with a shared dilemma, both here in Europe and

elsewhere in the world. To ensure well being for a growing world

population with unfulfilled needs and rising expectations, we must grow our

economies. Should we fail, conflict and insecurity will be the result. To

grow our economies we will continue to need energy. Much of that energy

will be in the form of fossil fuels. The logic of this dilemma is that we must

treat energy security and climate security as two sides of the same coin.

We know that we can meet this challenge. Europe has the

opportunity to lead the world in making the technology transition to a low

carbon economy that will be necessary over the next few decades. The

technologies are already available or within reach, and there are real

potential economie benefits to European market leadership in this area.

In the UK, Sir Nicholas Stern has almost completed a groundbreaking

study which will, for the first time, teil us in much more detail about the

economie consequences of climate change. We expect this to say that we

simply cannot afford not to act now.

Other countries have already recognised that it makes sense to move

towards a low carbon economy on grounds of energy security and economie

efficiency. This is one reason why China has such ambitious targets for

energy efficiency and renewables. We have a chance to build much more

ambitious energy partnerships with China, India and others that will

leverage our market power with theirs and potentially set the technology

standards for a global low carbon economy. Developing alternative sources

of energy will also make any country less dependent on external supplies.

And this policy will also help us meet our climate change objectives.

We will need the Commission to lead the policy process. Courage

and imagination will be called for in bringing forward ambitious proposals.

The Strategie Energy Review will be a critical exercise. Climate security

should be one of its top objectives.

We want to see a programme of proposals, including:

• Strengthening the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (which is critical

for driving the carbon market) with progressively tightening caps

beyond 2012 and extending it into new areas and possibly by linking

to non-EU countries. We hope the Commission will deliver a

forward looking proposal as early as possible in 2007, guaranteeing

both an internal level playing field and providing more certainty to

investors;

• Taking forward the proposals in the Energy Efficiency Action Plan as

a priority, including ambitious measures such as on standby functions

on appliances and reducing emissions from cars and buildings;

• Reinforcing the EU’s vision for European fossil fuel plants to have

zero carbon emissions as early as possible;

• More investment in renewables technology, including second

generation biofuels and offshore wind;

• Stepping up cooperation with third countries on energy efficiency and

clean energy technologies. In particular engaging China to drive

forward the transition to a low carbon economy;

• Demonstrating clean coal technology in Europe at commercial-scale,

accelerating development and roll-out more widely; and

• Setting out a road- map to achieve EU consensus on the main

elements of an effective and durable post 2012 framework, equivalent

in scale to the nature of the challenge we face.

In conclusion, a historie political choice faces us. The need to respond

to climate change can be seen as a burden. Or it can be seen as a once in a

generation opportunity for Europe to mobilise the political will and

resources to transform and modernise our energy system. The EU must be a

frontrunner and continue to lead the way.

Climate and energy security must be discussed at the highest level.

At Lahti, we will call for a genuine, in- depth debate on climate change and

its links to energy security at a European Council next year, going beyond

the discussions we have had to date. We also seek agreement that climate

change and energy should play a key part of all our third country summits

and consultations. We hope we can count on your support.

We are copying this letter to other members of the European Council.

JAN PETER BALKENENDE

TONY BLAIR





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