Obama hervormt HO

Nieuws | de redactie
22 augustus 2013 | Obama wil een ‘gamechanger’ in de financiering van hoger onderwijs. Publieke investeringen voor ‘student aid’ zouden gekoppeld moeten worden aan bereikte resultaten van instellingen en minder aan de instroom van studenten. En hij wil een soort BSA op nationaal niveau.

In zijn HO-hervormingsplan pakt president Obama een aantal grote vraagstukken in hun samenhang bijeen: financiering meer op kwaliteit, ondersteuning via studiefinanciering van minvermogenden en de inzet van technologische innovaties om toegankelijkheid, kwaliteit en betaalbaarheid van kennis te verhogen. Bovendien komt er een extra aanzet om regelstelsels te vereenvoudigen.

Enkele highlights uit het plan zijn:

-“The federal government provides over $150 billion each year in student financial aid, while states collectively invest over $70 billion in public colleges and universities. Almost all of these resources are allocated among colleges based on the number of students who enroll, not the number who earn degrees or what they learn. President Obama’s plan will connect student aid to outcomes.”

“His plan will measure college performance through a new ratings system so students and families have the information to select schools that provide the best value. And after this ratings system is well established, Congress can tie federal student aid to college performance so that students maximize their federal aid at institutions providing the best value.”

-“The Department of Education will enlist entrepreneurs and technology leaders with a “Datapalooza” to catalyze new private-sector tools, services, and apps to help students evaluate and select colleges. The effort will be complemented by earnings information by college that will be released for the first time on Administration’s College Scorecard this fall.”

“The President’s plan will also take down barriers that stand in the way of competition and innovation, particularly in the use of new technology, and shine a light on the most cutting-edge college practices for providing high value at low costs.”

-“To ensure students are making progress toward their degrees, the President will also propose legislation strengthening academic progress requirements of student aid programs, such as requiring students to complete a certain percentage of their classes before receiving continued funding. These changes would encourage students to complete their studies on time, thereby reducing their debt, and will be designed to ensure that disadvantaged students have every opportunity to succeed.” 

 “A rising tide of innovation has the potential to shake up the higher education landscape. Promising approaches include three-year accelerated degrees, Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), and “flipped” or “hybrid” classrooms where students watch lectures at home and online and faculty challenge them to solve problems and deepen their knowledge in class. Some of these approaches are still being developed, and too few students are seeing their benefits. The federal government can act as a catalyst for innovation, spurring innovation in a way that drives down costs while preserving quality.”

-“To help student borrowers struggling with their existing debt, the President is committed to ensuring that all borrowers who need it can have access to the Pay As You Earn plan that caps loan payments at 10 percent of income.”

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